There are a number of things that factor into the appearance of a piece of jewelry. This is especially true where gem stones are considered. The cutting process also referred to as lapidary. There are specific techniques used by professional gem cutters. The style of a ring or a necklace is impacted by the shape and cut of its gem stone.

The type of gem stone is very important to this process, as well. Diamonds are the most popular stones for most jewels. There are other gems that make terrific jewelry pieces. These include these gems:

  • Rubies
  • Emeralds
  • Sapphires
  • Amethyst

Modern trends have brought unique stones into popularity. The color of these gems work to make an overall impression. The cutting process is what defines certain jewels and the appearance that they present. Here are some of the techniques that make jewelry design stunning and memorable:

Stone Appearance

The appearance of a gem stone is impacted by the cutting process. A stone is likely to look rough when it has not been excessively cut. These are stones that have been lightly handled or fractured. Some collectors prefer rough stones. This may be for the purpose of cutting for custom designs. In these cases, rings, necklaces and other pieces will result. Finer products and grit are used to polish gems. These stones tend to shine more and showcase a unique brilliance.

Cutting Options

There are specific considerations that factor into the process of gem stone cutting. The size of the original stone is one of these considerations. Sawing, grinding and sanding all play a role in the cutting process. These techniques are performed by experts in this field. Along with these techniques are activities, such as, drilling, tumbling and polishing. Special procedures are used with certain stones. Diamonds are examples of the hardest naturally occurring substances. Because of this, their abrasive features are used to cut and polish other materials.

Gem Forms

After the cutting process, gems take on specific forms. These are instrumental to the design of pieces of jewelry. Faceted stones, beads, spheres and other forms are very common. Gems are used as settings in various jewelry designs. The finished product will later become a ring setting, earring or even a broach. Gems can be carved to make individual shapes for certain settings.

Inlay Projects 

During this particular process, gem stones are cut to a specific shape. This stone is then glued into place to design a piece of jewelry. The stone must be set into a hollowed space for its shape. Metal and other stones can be used to create these hollowed areas. Black onyx and turquoise are two stones that are also used in inlay projects. They are commonly used for unique pieces.

One of the best jewelry stores in Orange County relies on expert techniques for all their custom jewelry designs, visit their website to find out more about unique gemstone and expert techniques in jewelry designs.

Gemstone cuts and the expert jewelry design techniques

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